In the early s, blockbusters such as X-Men and Spider-Man have led to dozens of superhero films. The success of these films has also led to other comic books not necessarily about superheroes being adapted for the big screen, such as Ghost World , From Hell , American Splendor , Sin City , , Wanted , and Whiteout The adaptation process for comics is different from that of novels. Many successful comic book series last for several decades and have featured several variations of the characters in that time.
Occasionally, aspects of the characters and their origins are simplified or modernized. Self-contained graphic novels, and miniseries many of which do not feature superheroes, can be adapted more directly, such as in the case of Road to Perdition or V for Vendetta Furthermore, some films based on long-running franchises use particular story lines from the franchise as a basis for a plot.
The Marvel Cinematic Universe starting in is a shared universe with films combining characters from different works by Marvel Comics.
Video games have also been adapted into films, beginning in the early s. Similar to comic book-based films in the past especially from s , films based on video games tend to carry a reputation of lackluster quality and receive negative reaction from both film critics and fans of the source material. Some, such as Super Mario Bros. Super Mario Bros. In , he retired from filmmaking, citing market failures and funding difficulties. Another likely reason for the failure of video game adaptations is that structural conversion from video game to film format can be challenging for filmmakers.
Nintendo video game designer Shigeru Miyamoto said in a interview with Edge Magazine :. I think that part of the problem with translating games to movies is that the structure of what makes a good game is very different from the structure of what makes a good movie. Movies are a much more passive medium, where the movie itself is telling a story and you, as the viewer, are relaxing and taking that in passively.
Whereas video games are a much more active medium where you are playing along with the story. We make that flow entertaining by implementing many different elements to the video game to keep the player entertained. Movies have much more complex stories, or flow, to them, but the elements that affect that flow are limited in number.
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So I think that because these surrounding elements in these two different mediums vary so greatly, when you fail to take that into account then you run into problems. While documentary films have often been made from journalism and reportage, so too have some dramatic films, including: All the President's Men , adapted from the book ; Miracle, , from an account published shortly after the "miracle on ice" ; and Pushing Tin , from a New York Times article by Darcy Frey.
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Films based on toys include the Transformers franchise and the G. Joe films; there is a longer history of animated television series being created simultaneous to toy lines as a marketing tool. Hasbro's plans to for films based on their board games began with 's Battleship.
While amusement park rides have often been based on action movies, conversely the Pirates of the Caribbean ride at Disneyland was adapted into Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl in Remakes and film sequels are technically adaptations of the original film. Many films have been made from mythology and religious texts. Both Greek mythology and the Bible have been adapted frequently. Homer's works have been adapted multiple times in several nations. In these cases, the audience already knows the story well, and so the adaptation will de-emphasize elements of suspense and concentrate instead on detail and phrasing.
Many major film award programs present an award for adapted screenplays, separate from the award for original screenplays. In the case of a film which was adapted from an unpublished work, however, different awards have different rules around which category the screenplay qualifies for. In , the Canadian Genie Awards rescinded the Best Adapted Screenplay award they had presented to the film Melanie when they learned that the original work had been unpublished;  and in , the film Moonlight , which was adapted from an unpublished theatrical play, was classified and nominated as an adapted screenplay by some awards but as an original screenplay by others.
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When a film's screenplay is original, it can also be the source of derivative works such as novels and plays. For example, movie studios will commission novelizations of their popular titles or sell the rights to their titles to publishing houses. These novelized films will frequently be written on assignment and sometimes written by authors who have only an early script as their source.
Consequently, novelizations are quite often changed from the films as they appear in theatres. Novelization can build up characters and incidents for commercial reasons e. There have been instances of novelists who have worked from their own screenplays to create novels at nearly the same time as a film. Both Arthur C. Clarke , with A Space Odyssey , and Graham Greene , with The Third Man , have worked from their own film ideas to a novel form although the novel version of The Third Man was written more to aid in the development of the screenplay than for the purposes of being released as a novel.
Both John Sayles and Ingmar Bergman write their film ideas as novels before they begin producing them as films, although neither director has allowed these prose treatments to be published. Finally, films have inspired and been adapted into plays. John Waters 's films have been successfully mounted as plays; both Hairspray and Cry-Baby have been adapted, and other films have spurred subsequent theatrical adaptations. Spamalot is a Broadway play based on Monty Python films. In a rare case of a film being adapted from a stage musical adaptation of a film, in , the film adaptation of the stage musical based on Mel Brooks ' classic comedy film The Producers was released.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Films based on other media books, plays, etc. See also: List of plays adapted into feature films. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. June See also: List of films based on comics. See also: List of films based on video games , Category:Video games by type of adaptation , and Category:Lists of works based on video games. See also: Category:Films based on works.
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In Heilman, Robert B. The Taming of the Shrew. Signet Classic Shakespeare Second Revised ed. New York: New American Library. The authors list 45 uses of Hamlet which do not include films of the play itself, on pp. They list 39 such instances for Romeo and Juliet on pp. Business Insider. Retrieved 31 August Metro News. Edge Magazine. November 27, Archived from the original on May 3, Retrieved August 9, Retrieved 3 April Cinema Canada , No. Entertainment Weekly , December 15, Appropriation in the arts.
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